Keyword Definition

Cold vapour atomic fluorescence spectroscopy

Cold vapour atomic fluorescence spectroscopy, sometimes referred to by the acronym CVAFS, is a subset of the analytical technique known as atomic fluorescence spectroscopy (AFS).  Used in the measurement of trace amounts of volatile heavy metals such as mercury, cold vapour AFS makes use of the unique characteristic of mercury that allows vapour measurement at room temperature.  Free mercury atoms in a carrier gas are excited by a collimated ultraviolet light source at 253.7 nm. The excited atoms re-radiate their absorbed energy (fluoresce) at this same wavelength. Unlike the directional excitation source, the fluorescence is omnidirectional and may thus be detected using a photomultiplier tube or UV photodiode. The technique differs from the more conventional atomic absorption (AA) technique in that it is more sensitive, more selective, and is linear over a wide range of concentrations.  However, any molecular species present in the carrier gas will quench the fluorescence signal and for this reason, the technique is most commonly used with an inert carrier gas such as argon.

Gold coated traps may be used to collect mercury in ambient air or other media. The traps are then heated, releasing the mercury from the gold while passing argon through the cartridge. This preconcentrates the mercury, increasing sensitivity, and also transfers the mercury into an inert gas.

A number of companies have commercialized mercury detection via CVAFS and produced transportable analysers capable of measuring mercury in ambient air. These devices can measure levels in the low parts per quadrillion range. (10-15)

(taken from Wikipedia, Sept 13th, 2006)

Hierarchical classification

Technique >> Spectroscopy >> Electromagnetic radiation >> Visible-ultraviolet >> Atomic >> Fluorescence >> CV-AFS



Category: Analytical techniques

The different kinds of analytical techniques have been classified hierarchically. Examples: “AAS”, “FA-NA”. Taken from the “Analytical_Techniques_SHARED” database table.

Associated Analytical Suites:

IndexSuite IDSuite Name
1  623     Geoscience Lab, (OGS) MRD123 Lithogeochemical Database: Hg by CV-AFS, following aqua regia digestion

Associated Analytical Packages:

IndexPackage IDPackage Name
1  104     OGS / MRD123 miscellaneous methods
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